本文实例讲述了C# Ado.net读取SQLServer数据库存储过程列表及参数信息的方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

得到数据库存储过程列表:

select * from dbo.sysobjects where OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1 order by name

得到某个存储过程的参数信息:(SQL方法)

select * from syscolumns where ID in
 (SELECT id FROM sysobjects as a
  WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1
  and id = object_id(N'[dbo].[mystoredprocedurename]'))

得到某个存储过程的参数信息:(Ado.net方法)

SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(mysqlcommand);

得到数据库所有表:

select * from dbo.sysobjects where OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsUserTable') = 1 order by name

得到某个表中的字段信息:

select c.name as ColumnName, c.colorder as ColumnOrder, c.xtype as DataType, typ.name as DataTypeName, c.Length, c.isnullable from dbo.syscolumns c inner join dbo.sysobjects t
on c.id = t.id
inner join dbo.systypes typ on typ.xtype = c.xtype
where OBJECTPROPERTY(t.id, N'IsUserTable') = 1
and t.name='mytable' order by c.colorder;

C# Ado.net代码示例:

1. 得到数据库存储过程列表:

using System.Data.SqlClient;
private void GetStoredProceduresList()
{
  string sql = "select * from dbo.sysobjects where OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1 order by name";
  string connStr = @"Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=mydatabase; Integrated Security=True; Connection Timeout=1;";
  SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connStr);
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    using (SqlDataReader MyReader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
    {
      while (MyReader.Read())
      {
        //Get stored procedure name
        this.listBox1.Items.Add(MyReader[0].ToString());
      }
    }
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
}

2. 得到某个存储过程的参数信息:(Ado.net方法)

using System.Data.SqlClient;
private void GetArguments()
{
  string connStr = @"Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=mydatabase; Integrated Security=True; Connection Timeout=1;";
  SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connStr);
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
  cmd.Connection = conn;
  cmd.CommandText = "mystoredprocedurename";
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;
  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    SqlCommandBuilder.DeriveParameters(cmd);
    foreach (SqlParameter var in cmd.Parameters)
    {
      if (cmd.Parameters.IndexOf(var) == 0) continue;//Skip return value
      MessageBox.Show((String.Format("Param: {0}{1}Type: {2}{1}Direction: {3}",
        var.ParameterName,
        Environment.NewLine,
        var.SqlDbType.ToString(),
        var.Direction.ToString())));
    }
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
}

3. 列出所有数据库:

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
private static string connString =
      "Persist Security Info=True;timeout=5;Data Source=192.168.1.8;User ID=sa;Password=password";
/// <summary>
/// 列出所有数据库
/// </summary>
/// <returns></returns>
public string[] GetDatabases()
{
  return GetList("SELECT name FROM sysdatabases order by name asc");
}
private string[] GetList(string sql)
{
  if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(connString)) return null;
  string connStr = connString;
  SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connStr);
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(sql, conn);
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    List<string> ret = new List<string>();
    using (SqlDataReader MyReader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
    {
      while (MyReader.Read())
      {
        ret.Add(MyReader[0].ToString());
      }
    }
    if (ret.Count > 0) return ret.ToArray();
    return null;
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
}

4. 得到Table表格列表:

private static string connString =
 "Persist Security Info=True;timeout=5;Data Source=192.168.1.8;Initial Catalog=myDb;User ID=sa;Password=password";
/* select name from sysobjects where xtype='u' ---
C = CHECK 约束
D = 默认值或 DEFAULT 约束
F = FOREIGN KEY 约束
L = 日志
FN = 标量函数
IF = 内嵌表函数
P = 存储过程
PK = PRIMARY KEY 约束(类型是 K)
RF = 复制筛选存储过程
S = 系统表
TF = 表函数
TR = 触发器
U = 用户表
UQ = UNIQUE 约束(类型是 K)
V = 视图
X = 扩展存储过程
*/
public string[] GetTableList()
{
  return GetList("SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE xtype='U' AND name  <>  'dtproperties' order by name asc");
}

5. 得到View视图列表:

public string[] GetViewList()
{
   return GetList("SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE xtype='V' AND name  <>  'dtproperties' order by name asc");
}

6. 得到Function函数列表:

public string[] GetFunctionList()
{
  return GetList("SELECT name FROM sysobjects WHERE xtype='FN' AND name  <>  'dtproperties' order by name asc");
}

7. 得到存储过程列表:

public string[] GetStoredProceduresList()
{
  return GetList("select * from dbo.sysobjects where OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1 order by name asc");
}

8. 得到table的索引Index信息:

public TreeNode[] GetTableIndex(string tableName)
{
  if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(connString)) return null;
  List<TreeNode> nodes = new List<TreeNode>();
  string connStr = connString;
  SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connStr);
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(String.Format("exec sp_helpindex {0}", tableName), conn);
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    using (SqlDataReader MyReader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
    {
      while (MyReader.Read())
      {
        TreeNode node = new TreeNode(MyReader[0].ToString(), 2, 2);/*Index name*/
        node.ToolTipText = String.Format("{0}{1}{2}", MyReader[2].ToString()/*index keys*/, Environment.NewLine,
          MyReader[1].ToString()/*Description*/);
        nodes.Add(node);
      }
    }
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
  if(nodes.Count>0) return nodes.ToArray ();
  return null;
}

9. 得到Table,View,Function,存储过程的参数,Field信息:

public string[] GetTableFields(string tableName)
{
  return GetList(String.Format("select name from syscolumns where id =object_id('{0}')", tableName));
}

10. 得到Table各个Field的详细定义:

public TreeNode[] GetTableFieldsDefinition(string TableName)
{
  if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(connString)) return null;
  string connStr = connString;
  List<TreeNode> nodes = new List<TreeNode>();
  SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connStr);
  SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(String.Format("select a.name,b.name,a.length,a.isnullable from syscolumns a,systypes b,sysobjects d where a.xtype=b.xusertype and a.id=d.id and d.xtype='U' and a.id =object_id('{0}')",
         TableName), conn);
  cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
  try
  {
    conn.Open();
    using (SqlDataReader MyReader = cmd.ExecuteReader())
    {
      while (MyReader.Read())
      {
        TreeNode node = new TreeNode(MyReader[0].ToString(), 2, 2);
        node.ToolTipText = String.Format("Type: {0}{1}Length: {2}{1}Nullable: {3}", MyReader[1].ToString()/*type*/, Environment.NewLine,
          MyReader[2].ToString()/*length*/, Convert.ToBoolean(MyReader[3]));
        nodes.Add(node);
      }
    }
    if (nodes.Count > 0) return nodes.ToArray();
    return null;
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();
  }
}

11. 得到存储过程内容:

类似“8. 得到table的索引Index信息”,SQL语句为:EXEC Sp_HelpText '存储过程名'

12. 得到视图View定义:

类似“8. 得到table的索引Index信息”,SQL语句为:EXEC Sp_HelpText '视图名'

(以上代码可用于代码生成器,列出数据库的所有信息)

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